VIMPAT® is indicated for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in patients 4 years of age and older. As the safety of VIMPAT injection in pediatric patients has not been established, VIMPAT injection is indicated for the treatment of partial-onset seizures only in adult patients (17 years of age and older).
SELECT IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
VIMPAT is associated with important warnings and precautions including suicidal behavior and ideation, dizziness and ataxia, cardiac rhythm and conduction abnormalities, syncope, and Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS), also known as multi-organ hypersensitivity.
In the adult monotherapy clinical trial, adverse reactions were generally similar to those observed and attributed to drug in adjunctive placebo-controlled trials, with the exception of insomnia (observed at a higher rate of ≥2%). In the adult adjunctive placebo-controlled trials, the most common adverse reactions (≥10% and greater than placebo) were dizziness, headache, nausea, and diplopia. Pediatric adverse reactions are similar to those seen in adult patients.
VIMPAT is a Schedule V controlled substance.
MONOTHERAPY DOSING FOR ADULT PATIENTS |
A therapeutic dose (300 mg/day) may be achieved after one week.2
Recommended maintenance dose
300 mg/day to 400 mg/day (150 mg-200 mg twice-daily). Titrate based on tolerability and response.
Conversion to monotherapy
- For adult patients who are already on a single AED and will convert to VIMPAT monotherapy, the therapeutic dose of 150 mg twice daily to 200 mg twice daily (300 mg/day to 400 mg/day) should be maintained for at least 3 days before initiating withdrawal of concomitant AED
- A gradual withdrawal of the concomitant AED over at least 6 weeks is recommended
In the adult monotherapy clinical trial, adverse reactions were generally similar to those observed and attributed to drug in adjunctive placebo-controlled trials, with the exception of insomnia (occurred at a higher rate of ≥2%).
ADJUNCTIVE THERAPY DOSING FOR ADULT PATIENTS |
A therapeutic dose (200 mg/day) may be achieved after one week.2
Recommended maintenance dose
200 mg/day to 400 mg/day (100 mg-200 mg twice-daily). Titrate based on tolerability and response.
In the adult placebo-controlled clinical trials, the most frequently seen adverse reaction with VIMPAT was dizziness (31% vs 8% placebo). Other common adverse reactions occurring in ≥10 percent of VIMPAT-treated patients, and greater than placebo, were headache, nausea, and diplopia.
200 mg LOADING DOSE FOR ADULT PATIENTS |
Use the VIMPAT loading dose when your adult patients need to get to a therapeutic dose more rapidly than standard titration allows. The use of a loading dose in pediatric patients has not been studied.
A single loading dose of 200 mg approximates steady-state concentrations comparable to the 100 mg twice-daily oral administration.
Loading dose administration2
VIMPAT may be initiated in adult patients with a single loading dose of 200 mg (oral or injection) followed approximately 12 hours later by 100 mg twice-daily (200 mg/day).
- Based on individual response and tolerability, the dose can be increased at weekly intervals by 50 mg twice-daily (100 mg/day), as needed, up to the recommended monotherapy (300 mg/day to 400 mg/day) or adjunctive therapy (200 mg/day to 400 mg/day) maintenance dose
- The loading dose should be administered with medical supervision considering the VIMPAT pharmacokinetics and increased incidence of CNS adverse reactions
When administering a loading dose, the incidence of CNS adverse reactions, such as dizziness, somnolence, and paresthesia may be higher with 15-minute administration than over a 30- to 60-minute period.
INTRAVENOUS DOSING FOR ADULT PATIENTS |
Special considerations when using injection
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VIMPAT injection for intravenous use—indicated as short-term replacement when oral administration is not feasible. The safety of VIMPAT injection in pediatric patients has not been established. VIMPAT injection is indicated for the treatment of partial-onset seizures only in adult patients (17 years of age and older).2
- Intravenous injection can be administered in the same dosing regimens as oral dosing, including the loading dose. The dose may be infused over a period of 15 to 60 minutes
- Infusion over 30 to 60 minutes is preferable, and should be used when 15-minute administration is not required
- Closely monitor patients with known cardiac conduction problems, on concomitant medications that prolong PR interval, or with severe cardiac disease, as intravenous infusion of VIMPAT may cause bradycardia or AV blocks in these patients
- Cmax reached by end of infusion time
- Oral to intravenous (IV): the initial total daily IV dosage regimen of VIMPAT should be equivalent to the total daily dosage regimen of oral VIMPAT
- Adverse reactions with IV administration generally appeared similar to those observed with the oral formulation, although IV administration was associated with local adverse events, such as injection site pain or discomfort (2.5%), irritation (1%), and erythema (0.5%)
Intravenous injection solution preparation
- VIMPAT injection can be administered intravenously without further dilution or may be mixed with diluents listed below. The diluted solution should not be stored for more than 4 hours at room temperature
- Diluents: Sodium Chloride Injection 0.9% (w/v), Dextrose Injection 5% (w/v), Lactated Ringer’s Injection
- Product with particulate matter or discoloration should not be used
- VIMPAT injection is for single-dose only—any unused portion of VIMPAT injection should be discarded
ORAL SOLUTION DOSING |
Special considerations when using oral solution
VIMPAT oral solution—a dosing option for patients who cannot swallow tablets2
- Does not need to be refrigerated or shaken prior to administration
- For accurate dosing, healthcare providers should offer a calibrated measuring device to patients prescribed VIMPAT oral solution
- Any unused oral solution should be discarded after 7 weeks of first opening the bottle
- IV to oral: begin oral administration at the equivalent daily dosage and frequency of the IV administration
- VIMPAT oral solution contains aspartame, a source of phenylalanine. A 200 mg dose of VIMPAT oral solution (equivalent to 20 mL) contains 0.32 mg of phenylalanine
- Multiple bottle sizes (465 mL and 200 mL) provide convenient options for the pharmacy
SELECT IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Risks in Patients with Phenylketonuria:
VIMPAT oral solution contains aspartame, a source of phenylalanine which can be harmful in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). A 200 mg dose of VIMPAT oral solution (equivalent to 20 mL) contains 0.32 mg of phenylalanine.
SELECT DOSING IN SPECIAL POPULATIONS FOR ADULT PATIENTS2 |
- Dosage adjustments are recommended for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment or severe renal impairment. Use in patients with severe hepatic impairment is not recommended. Dose titration should be performed with caution in all patients with renal and/or hepatic impairment
- Dose supplementation: Following a 4-hour hemodialysis treatment, a dose supplementation of up to 50% of the last dose administered should be considered
- Patients with hepatic or renal impairment taking strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or CYP2C9 may have a significant increase in exposure to VIMPAT. Dose reduction may be necessary in these patients
- Caution should be exercised for dose titration in elderly patients
MULTIPLE FORMULATIONS AND A SIMPLE 1:1 DOSE CONVERSION FOR ADULT PATIENTS2 |
200 mg/20 mL:
10 mg/mL: 200 mL and
465 mL bottles
6 cards, 10 tablets each
Convenient for the healthcare provider
- Available in dosage strengths of 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, and 200 mg
- Multiple formulations
- IV formulation requires no diluent, reconstitution, or refrigeration
- Can be administered with or without common diluents
- Oral solution may also be administered using a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube
- No blood-level monitoring required
- Approximately 100% oral bioavailability
- VIMPAT injection is bioequivalent to oral VIMPAT when infused over 30 to 60 minutes*
- Linear pharmacokinetics
- Low protein binding (<15%)
Food and VIMPAT
- Can be given with or without food
- Food does not affect the rate or extent of absorption
For the 15-minute intravenous infusion, bioequivalence was met for AUC(0-tz) but not for Cmax. The point estimate of Cmax was 20% higher than Cmax for oral tablet and the 90% CI for Cmax exceeded the upper boundary of the bioequivalence range.
- 2.VIMPAT® (lacosamide): US prescribing information. Smyrna (GA): UCB, Inc., November 2017.